Attitude Towards Life and Spiritual Health as Predictors of Psychological Well-Being in State University of Malang Students Who Work Part-Time


The objectives of this study were to: (i) explore the psychological well-being of part-time working students at the State University of Malang; (ii) examine the life attitude of these students; (iii) investigate their spiritual health; and (iv) determine whether life attitude and spiritual health can be used to predict psychological well-being of part-time working students at the State University of Malang. This was a quantitative study, which used a descriptive design and was conducted with 85 students recruited through purposive sampling. The instruments used included a psychological well-being scale, life attitude scale, and spiritual health scale. Data were analyzed descriptively, and inferential analysis was carried out using Product Moment. The findings indicated that there was an impact between the three variables. Thus, the results showed that: (i) most of the students had moderate psychological well-being, life attitude and spiritual health; and (ii) there was a significant association between psychological well-being and spiritual health (p = 0.035), but not between psychological well-being and life attitude (p = 0.726). The results suggest that, for a student with a part-time job to have good psychological well-being, they need to enhance their positive life attitude and positive spiritual health.

Keywords: psychological well-being, life attitude, spiritual health, part-time work

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