Nursing Implementation Case Study: Health Education on Self-care Management of Asthma Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia


Asthma is an incurable disease and is considered a risk factor for the morbidity of COVID-19. Self-care management is highly recommended as routine maintenance therapy, especially during the pandemic. This study aims to describe the nursing implementation related to health education about self-care management of asthma patients during the pandemic in Indonesia. This study used an exploratory case study method using the nursing process approach. The data were obtained using purposive sampling. The data were collected in various ways, such as interviews, physical assessments, and environmental observation. The nursing problems identified were ineffective breathing patterns and non-compliance. After implementing nursing through health education on self-care management, it was found that the development of the situation had improved. Nursing implementation through health education on self-care management in asthma patients can be applied to optimize asthma symptom control, reduce the risk of asthma exacerbations, and reduce the side effects of treatment, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: implementation of nursing, health education, self-care management, asthma, COVID-19

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