Self-management in Asthma Patients: A Systematic Review
Self-management is very important in treating asthma patients. Various selfmanagement support interventions have been developed to facilitate adequate self-management of asthma. This review aims to identify, describe and assess the evidence regarding self-management intervention programs and their effects on self-management outcomes among asthmatic patients. Four databases, Google Scholar, Europe PMC, Science Direct, and PubMed, were searched using a systematic strategy using keywords: Asthma, Chronic disease, eHealth, smartphone, self-management, educational programs, and quality of life. The study eligibility criteria was a Randomized Control Trial study, published between 2016 and 2021, with language restrictions published in English only. The JBI ( Joanna Brings Institute) tool was used to evaluate study quality. 422 studies were screened, and 11 studies that met the criteria were extracted. The review identified two intervention group methods to improve self-management among asthma patients, including digital-based self-management and non-digital-based self-management. Most research shows that self-management programs improve and maintain quality of life so that people with asthma can live normal lives without obstacles in carrying out daily activities. The self-management program for asthma patients provides the ability to manage the disease so that it can improve the quality of life.
Keywords: asthma, self-management program, quality of life, mHealth
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