Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes: A Study During the COVID-19 Pandemic


During the COVID-19 pandemic, there were many large-scale restrictions on routine services, including maternal and neonatal health services. This study used a correlational design to analyze the relationship between pregnancy during COVID-19 and the neonate’s condition. Samples are pregnant women between 2020 and 2021, totaling 108 samples obtained by random sampling. Data collection used questionnaires, structured interviews, and documentary studies. The approach used was a retrospective about Ante Natal Care visits during COVID-19 with the birth weight of the baby. Data analysis was performed using the Chi-square. There is a relationship between pregnant women’s and babies’ weight during COVID-19 with a p-value of 0.016 and an OR of 3.967 (95% CI 1.22-12.879). In addition, the number of respondent visits is also related to babies’ birth weight (P-value of 0.004 with OR 168 (95% CI 0.045-0.625). Meanwhile, the size of the mother’s upper arm circumference and blood pressure is unrelated to the baby’s birth weight. During the COVID-19 period, restrictions on Ante Natal Care visits caused pregnancies to become out of control. Lack of education about nutrition and stress levels of pregnant women contributes to pregnancy outcomes.

Keywords: baby’s birth weight, covid 19 period, pregnant women

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