Analyzing Predictors of Low Back Pain Among Farmers in Bayung Gede, Kintamani, Bangli: A Case Report Study


Occupational health disease is mostly caused by unsafe working conditions. However, there is a lack of information about occupational and health safety among informal workers, including farmers in Bayung Gede, Bangli, Bali Province. As reported by the Health Department of Bangli, there was a high prevalence of complaints of low back pain (45%). It has been hypothesized that an unergonomic working position might trigger this condition. Thus, this study aimed to analyze predictors of low back pain among farmers in Bayung Gede village Kintamani, Bangli. A case report study was conducted among ten farmers in Bayung Gede village, Kintamani Bangli, on March 2022. Participants were recruited using convenience sampling techniques, and measurements used were sociodemographic, Nordic body map (NBM) and REBA assessment. As a result of the REBA assessment, it was found that there were 7 participants (70%) who were at high risk of low back pain, and 55% were in nonergonomic working positions. Thus, this factor can be identified as the main predictor of low back pain among farmers in Bayung Gede village, Bali. This finding has shown that non-ergonomic working positions might be a crucial factor which leads to low back pain as an occupational health disease. Thus, it also can contribute as a health recommendation for the local health department to minimize occupational health disease among informal workers.

Keywords: occupational health, low back pain, farmers

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