Evaluating Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) of the Online Study of Neuromusculoskeletal System Anatomy Based on the Objective Structured Practice Examination (OSPE) Scores


The pandemic posed a challenge for teachers to develop new teaching methods. Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is one of the methods. It helps the online learning process run smoothly and builds communication, interaction, and cooperation skills. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of online learning methods based on pre-test and post-test scores using quantitative methods with descriptive data presentation analysis. The study population was 148 first-semester students at the Faculty of Medicine, Muhammadiyah Malang University. The pre-test and post-test results data were analyzed to determine the difference in the test scores of osteo and muscle practical exams using comparative numerical unpaired test by paired t-test or Wilcoxon test using bivariate analysis with prerequisite analysis test. The study showed an increase in the median value in the post-test osteology with a sig value of the Wilcoxon test of 0.000, which means that there was a significant difference in the pre-test osteology in the neuromusculoskeletal block. There was an increase in the average value on the post-test muscle with a sig value of 0.000 which means a significant difference in the pre-post muscle in neuromusculoskeletal blocks. The findings of this study have proven that the PAL method can support practical anatomy learning of neuromusculoskeletal blocks because it can increase the value of the Objective Structured Practice Examination (OSPE).

Keywords: anatomy, osteology, musculus, OSPE, PAL

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