The Effect of Education Through PowerPoint on Students' Knowledge of Mefenamic Acid Self-Medication


Self-medication refers to the use of medications without consulting a doctor. This study aimed to determine the effect of education on students’ knowledge about self-medication of mefenamic acid using Powerpoint slides at the Luhur Islamic Boarding School in Malang City. This was quantitative research with a pre-experimental method and a one-group pretest-posttest design. The number of samples needed was determined using the Slovin formula, and 70 respondents participated. Data were collected using a questionnaire. Respondents filled out the pretest questionnaire to determine the knowledge related to self-medication of the drug mefenamic acid, then the researcher delivered the education by using Powerpoint slides and after that the posttest questionnaire was distributed. The data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon test. The pretest and posttest values were significantly different (p < 0.05). Therefore, we can conclude that education about self-medication of mefenamic acid using Powerpoint slides had an effect on the knowledge of students at the Luhur Islamic Boarding School in Malang.

Keywords: self-medication, mefenamic acid, education, Powerpoint slides, knowledge level

[1] Mubin F. Islamic boarding school in Indonesia. 2020;1:1–13.

[2] Indonesian Ministry of Health. Riskesdas 2018 report. National Riskesdas Report. 2018;53(9):181–222.

[3] Susanto T, Sulistyorini L, Wuryaningsih EW, Bahtiar S. School health promotion: A cross-sectional study on Clean and Healthy Living Program Behavior (CHLB) among Islamic Boarding Schools in Indonesia. International Journal of Nursing Sciences. 2016;3(3):2016.

[4] ALS Ryadi, Public Health Science. 2016.

[5] Central Statistics Agency. Official Statistics Agency.

[6] Apsari DP, Adi JMK, Wintariani NP, Suryaningsih NPA. Clinical pharmacy study program, International Bali University. Pharmacy Study Program, Udayana University. 2020;6(1):53–58.

[7] Nadrati B, Wijayanto WP, Musniati M. Description of clean and healthy life behavior (Phbs) of Santri at Ad Diinul Qoyyim Islamic Boarding School. West Lombok. Holistic Journal of Health. 2019;13(1):1–6.

[8] Muharni S, Aryani F, Mizanni M. Description of pharmacists in providing information to self-medication actors at pharmacies in Tampan District, Pekanbaru. Journal of Pharmaceutical & Clinical Science. 2015;2(1):47.

[9] Pratiwi P, Pristianty L, Noorrizka VA, Impian SA. The effect of knowledge on selfmedication behavior of oral non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs on Arab Ethnics in Surabaya. Journal of Community Pharmacy. 2014;1(2):36–40.

[10] Srivastava R, Mishra MK, Patel AK, Singh A, Kushwaha K. An insight of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug mefenamic acid: A review. GSC Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2019;7(2)052–059.

[11] Sari WP, Harahap DH, Saleh MI. The prevalence of the use of anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve dysmenorrhea at the Faculty o Medicine, Sriwijaya University, Palembang. Sriwijaya Medical Magazine. 2018.

[12] Afifah LN. The relationship between knowledge level and self-medication behavior in the use of analgesic drugs in MA level santri at pesantren sunan bonang pasuruan. 2019;8(2).

[13] Halim SV, Prayitno SA, Wibowo YI. Self-medication with analgesic among Surabaya, East Java Communities. Indonesian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018;16(1):86.

[14] Susiolowati D. Nursing print teaching materials module: Health promotion. Health Human Resources Center - Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia; 2016.

[15] Taadi T, Suyatmi D. The effect of dental health promotion using cartoon films and slides on knowledge of elementary school students. Journal of Oral Health Care. 2018;6(2):68–75.

[16] Rinaldi SF, Mujianto B. Research of methodology and statistics. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2017;1(1):1–8.

[17] Sawyer SM, Azzopardi PS, Wickremarathne D, Patton GC. The age of adolescence. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health. 2018;2(3):223–228.

[18] Zulmiyetri, Nurhastuti, Safaruddin. Scientific writing. 1st ed. 2020.

[19] [19] N. Qomariah, The Importance of Visitor Satisfaction And Loyalty: Study of the Effect of Customer Value, Brand Image, and Product Attributes on Satisfaction and Loyalty of Beach Tourism Visitors (1st ed.). Eternal Libarary, 2021.

[20] Payadnya I, Jayantika I. Experimental research guide and statistical analysis with SPSS. 1st ed. Yogyakarta: Deepublish (Cv Budi Utama Publishing Group); 2018.

[21] Tajuddin M, Nimran U, Astuti E, Kertahadi. The success of higher education information systems and good university governance. Universitas Brawijaya Press; 2016.

[22] Novels SS. Kampuspedia: Directory of public and private universities in Indonesia. 1st ed. Jakarta, Indonesia: Grasindo; 2017.

[23] Sarasmita MA. Drug education guidebook by pharmacists series: Education for children knowing the pharmacist and drug profession. Indonesia: Scopindo Media Pustaka; 2020.

[24] Hidayati A, Dania H, Puspitasari MD. Knowledge level of use of OTC and limited OTC drugs for self-medication in the community of Rw 8 Morobangun Jogotirto Berbah Sleman Yogyakarta. Manuntung Scientific Journal. 2017;3(2):139.

[25] Johariyah A, Mariati T. The effectiveness of adolescent reproductive health counseling by providing modules on changes in adolescent knowledge. Journal of Health Management Foundation RS. Dr. Soetomo. 2018;4(1):38.

[26] Sari DP, Rahayu A. Community empowerment on the rational use of medicines through echoing careful education with the CBIA method in Dukuh Menanggal Village, Surabaya. Journal of Community Service. 2020;4(1):33–40.

[27] BPJS Health. Practical guide to health education. 2015.

[28] Yulfitria F. The effect of health education in increasing knowledge about prevention of pathological leucorrhoea. Journal of Midwives “Midwife Journal”. 2017;3(2):82–92.