Risk Factors of Hypertension in Adolescents: A Literature Review
The increasing prevalence of hypertension in adolescents is a growing public health problem. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for hypertension in adolescents. A literature review was conducted and 20 relevant articles were found by searching in Pubmed (n = 7), Proquest (n = 6), Science Direct (n = 3), and Google Scholar (n = 4). The data search keywords were “risk factor AND hypertension AND adolescents OR teenager OR juvenile”. According to the results, risk factors for hypertension in adolescents include high birth weight, alcohol consumption, smoking, consuming fast food rich in salt, environmental factors, and exposure to particulate matter and air pollution. Most of the risk factors for hypertension in adolescents are related to obesity.
Keywords: risk factors, hypertension, adolescents, tenageer, juvenile
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