Knowledge Levels About Dietary Hyperemesis Gravidarum in First Trimester Pregnant Women at a University Gynecology Polyclinic
Knowledge about nutrition in pregnant women affects the health of their babies. The level of knowledge of mothers is influenced by experience, educational factors, the social environment, facilities and infrastructure, as well as the degree of counseling they receive. A hyperemesis gravidarum diet for pregnant women in the first trimester is very important for the health of the fetus. When pregnant women lack appropriate nutrition, it can result in abnormal fetal development. This study used descriptive methods. Data collection was through a questionnaire on the level of knowledge of hyperemesis gravidarum diet in first trimester pregnant women at the Gynecology Department of Muhammadiyah University Hospital in Malang. The research sample consisted of 50 respondents recruited through purposive sampling. The characteristics of the women were: average age = 29 years, primigravidas = 29 women (58%), college = 30 (60%), housewives = 15 (30%), and level of knowledge of diet hyperemesis = 28 (56%). Education was a prediposing factor. The results showed that the knowledge level of hyperemesis gravidarum diet in the first trimester pregnant women was in the good category. This may have been because these women all had a college level of education.
Keywords: nowledge level, hyperemesis gravidarum diet, first trimester
 H. Hariani and S. Nani, “DENGAN STATUS GIZI IBU HAMIL DI RUMAH SAKIT KHUSUS.,” p. 2014.
 G.G. Woldeamanuel, T.G. Geta, T.P. Mohammed, M.B. Shuba, and T.A. Bafa, “Effect of nutritional status of pregnant women on birth weight of newborns at Butajira Referral Hospital, Butajira, Ethiopia.,” SAGE open medicine. vol. 7, pp. 2050312119827096– 2050312119827096, 2019.
 J.L. Morrison and T.R.H. Regnault, “Nutrition in Pregnancy: Optimising Maternal Diet and Fetal Adaptations to Altered Nutrient Supply.,” Nutrients. vol. 8, no. 6, p. 342, 2016.
 Ayu, “Efektifitas Pemberian Jahe Hangat Dalam Mengurangi Frekuensi Mual Muntah Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester I,” (2017).
 K. Gunawan, M. P. S. K, and O. Dwiana, “Diagnosis dan Tata Laksana Hiperemesis Gravidarum.,” Journal Indonesian Medical Association. vol. 61, no. 11, pp. 458–464, 2011.
 L.J. Wegrzyniak, J.T. Repke, and S.H. Ural, “Treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum.,” Reviews in obstetrics & gynecology. vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 78–84, 2012.
 S.R. Crozier, H.M. Inskip, K.M. Godfrey, C. Cooper, S.M. Robinson, and S.W.S.S. Group, “Nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: Effects on food intake and diet quality.,” Maternal & child nutrition. vol. 13, no. 4, p. e12389, 2017.
 Menkes RI, Penggunaan Obat Rasional yang Harus Dipahami Masyarakat. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia., 2018.
 S. Notoatmojo, Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta, 2011.
 R. Ita, “Pengetahuan Ibu Hamil Tentang Gizi Dalam Kehamilan Di Puskesmas Poasia Kota Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara.,” p. 2017.
 G. Esposito, R. Ambrosio, F. Napolitano, and G. Di Giuseppe, “Women’s Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior about Maternal Risk Factors in Pregnancy,.” PloS one. vol. 10, no. 12, pp. e0145873–e0145873, 2015.
 E.S. Kaaya, J. Ko, and E. Luhanga, “Maternal knowledge-seeking behavior among pregnant women in Tanzania.,” Women’s Health. vol. 17, p. 2021.
 H. Aiga, V.D. Nguyen, C.D. Nguyen, T.T.T. Nguyen, and L.T.P. Nguyen, “Knowledge, attitude and practices: assessing maternal and child health care handbook intervention in Vietnam.,” BMC Public Health. vol. 16, no. 1, p. 129, 2016.