Correlation Between Hemoglobin Levels and Quality of Life in Pregnant Women in Yogyakarta
48.9% of pregnant women in Indonesia in 2018 had anemia. This can affect the health and quality of life of pregnant women. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between hemoglobin levels and the quality of life of pregnant women at Jetis 1 Primary Health Care in Bantul, Yogyakarta. This was an observational study with a cross-sectional approach and it was conducted from September to November 2019. The patients’ quality of life was measured by the Indonesian version of the SF-36 questionnaire. The hemoglobin level was mesured by a hemoglobin test. This study used univariate (descriptive) and bivariate data analysis using the Chi-square test. The results showed that there were 12 pregnant women (23.5%) who experienced mild anemia and 13 pregnant women with moderate anemia (25.5%). There was a significant corelation between hemoglobin levels and the quality of life of pregnant women (p < 0.05), especially in the domains of physical health (p = 0.034) and emotional health (p = 0.017).
Keywords: anemia, hemoglobin, pregnant women, quality of life
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