Factors Associated With Attitudes Towards Antibiotic Usage in Pharmacy Students


The increase in antibiotic resistance caused by inappropriate usage has been influenced by many factors. A positive attitude can lead to proper usage of antibiotics. This study aimed to identify socio-demographic factors that influence the attitudes towards antibiotic usage in pharmacy students at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. A cross-sectional study design was conducted with 327 respondents recruited using incidental sampling. The data were analyzed through the Chi-square test and logistic multivariate regression. More than half of the respondents (65.4%) had a positive attitude toward antibiotic usage. The results showed a significant correlation between attitudes and socio-demographic factors (i.e., age and semester level) with a p-value < 0.05. The findings showed that fifth and seventh semester students were more likely to have positive attitude than first semester students with an odds ratio of 4.286 and 16.482, respectively (p < 0.01). In conclusion, there were two factors associated with attitudes toward antibiotic usage: age and semester level.

Keywords: attitude, antibiotic, students, pharmacy, UMM

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