The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Sleep Quality in the Elderly in the Malang City Community
The elderly have been more susceptible to being exposed to COVID-19. Decreased sleep quality in the elderly is caused by psychological, environmental and physiological factors so that the function of neurotransmitters decreases and substances to stimulate sleep (e.g., norepinephrine) also decrease. Physical activity is beneficial for sleep quality and has a positive impact on onset and total sleep time. This study aimed to determine the relationship between physical activity and sleep quality in the elderly in the Malang community. This was a cross-sectional study with a total sample of 65 people recruited through purposive sampling. Physical activity was measured using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and sleep quality was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire. The results showed that there was a significant correlation between physical activity and sleep quality.
Keywords: physical activity, sleep quality, elderly
 A. Fakihan, “Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Kualitas Tidur pada Lanjut Usia (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta).,” p. 2016.
 N. Chasanah, “Hubungan Kualitas Tidur dengan Kualitas Hidup pada Lansia di Kelurahan Karangasem Kecamatan Laweyan Surakarta. (Skripsi: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta).,” p. 2017.
 M.W. Kredlow, M. A., Capozzoli, M. C., Hearon, B. A., Calkins, A. W., & Otto, “The effects of physical activity on sleep: a meta-analytic review. Journal of behavioral medicine.,” p. 2015.
 I. Sahara, “Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Puasa Pada Pelajar Di SMA Olahraga Negeri Sriwijaya (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang).,” p. 2017.
 F. Annisa, “Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Kualitas Tidur di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Sabai Nan Aluih Sicincin. Diploma Thesis, Universitas Andalas.,” p. 2018.
 R.A. Nurfadilah, S., Julia, M., & Ahmad, “Aktivitas fisik dan screen based activity dengan pola tidur remaja di Wates. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat.,” p. 2017.