Relationship Between Knowledge and Implementation of Health Protocols to Prevent COVID-19 in West Java Residents


The number of COVID-19 cases continues to grow and spread throughout the world and Indonesia is no exception. The application of health protocols is one form of prevention of COVID-19 whose spread can be minimized.The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between knowledge and the application of health protocols in the prevention of COVID-19. This research used a cross-sectional approach. Participants were heads of family who were domiciled or had a residence in the Buana Flamengo Housing as evidenced by an identification card. Proportional random sampling was used to recruit 52 participants and data were analyzed using the Chi-square test. The results showed that there was no relationship between knowledge and the application of health protocols in the prevention of COVID-19 (p-value = 1.000, POR value = 0.720, which means that poor knowledge was associated with a 0.72 times risk of carrying out poor COVID-19 preventative health protocol behavior compared to those who had good knowledge). This was because respondents tended to have good knowledge and good implementation of health protocols related to COVID-19. It is hoped that there will be new policies and programs adapted to the characteristics of the community as well as the development of technology and information made available by the Government in encouraging and increasing public knowledge about COVID-19.

Keywords: knowledge, health protocol, COVID-19

[1] Kementerian Kesehatan. Pedoman pencegahan dan pengendalian coronavirus disesase (Covid-19). Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2020.

[2] Zhang D, Zhang X, Peng B et al. Network pharmacology suggests biochemical rationale for treating COVID-19 symptoms with a traditional Chinese medicine. Communication Biology. 2020;3:1–9.

[3] Honarvar B, Lankarani KB, Kharmandar A et al. Knowledge, attitudes, risk perceptions, and practices of adults toward COVID-19: A population and field-based study from Iran. International Journal Public Health. 2020;65:731–739.

[4] Satuan Tugas Penanganan COVID-19. Data Covid-19 di Indonesia. Satgas Covid-19. 2021 July 31. Jakarta. 2021 Available from:

[5] Pusat Informasi dan Koordinasi Covid-19 Provinsi Jawa Barat. Data informasi Covid-19. 2021 Augustus 1. Provinsi Jawa Barat; 2021. Available from:

[6] Pusat Informasi Covid-19 Cimahi. Data Covid-19 kota Cimahi. 2021 July 28. Kota Cimahi. 2021. Available from:

[7] Sari DP, Atiqoh NS. Hubungan antara pengetahuan masyarakat dengan kepatuhan penggunaan masker sebagai upaya pencegahan penyakit Covid-19 di ngronggah. Infokes Jurnal Ilmiah Rekam Medis dan Informasi Kesehatan. 2020;10:52–55.

[8] Lu S, Lin J, Zhang Z et al. Alert for non-respiratory symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 patients in epidemic period: A case report of familial cluster with three asymptomatic COVID-19 patients. Jurnal Medical Virology. 2021;93:518–521.

[9] Yanti NPED, Nugraha IMADP, Wisnawa GA et al. Gambaran pengetahuan masyarakat tentang Covid-19 dan perilaku masyarakat di masa pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa. 2020;8:485-491.

[10] Riyanto A. Statistik deskripstif untuk kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika; 2013.

[11] Notoatmojo S. Promosi kesehatan dan perilaku kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Renika Cipta; 2016.

[12] Soeratinoyo DK, Doda DVD, Warouw F. Hubungan antara pengetahuan dan sikap dengan tindakan pencegahan penyebaran COVID-19 pada perusahaan produsen air minum dalam kemasan. Jurnal Biomedik. 2021;13:1–5.