The Impact of COVID-19 on the Mental Health of Health Workers: A Literature Review


COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a new type of coronavirus called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which has already caused millions of cases. One of the impacts caused by the virus outbreak has been mental health problems, especially for health workers who are at the forefront of dealing with the pandemic. The objective of this study was to analyze articles related to the impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of health workers. This was a literature review where articles were found through the databases of Google Scholar, Pubmed, and Scimagjr. This involved identification, screening, and assessing eligibility criteria, according to the PRISMA diagram and JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross Sectional Studies instrument. The results showed that COVID-19 has had an impact on mental health disorders of health workers such as anxiety, stress and depression, and stress is the most common mental disorder experienced by health workers. The stress is caused by fears of being infected and transmitting COVID-19 to family and surrounding people. Government and health institutions should therefore pay more attention and immediately implement policies that support efforts to maintain and restore the mental health of health workers; a step that can be considered is the provision of counseling services and coping training.

Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, health workers

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