Problems Of Operation Of Elastomer Materials In The Arctic Region


The operability of frost-resistant industrial sealing rubbers on the basis of full-scale exposure of rubber samples in the environment of oil in cold climate has been investigated. It is found that interaction of rubbers with oil media (fuel, lubricants) causes diffusion of a plasticizer from the elastomer material into the contacting medium and decrease of frost resistance coefficient. Choosing the material for production of different seals for the conditions of the North one must use rubbers with significant temperature range of operation, for example propylen-oxide elastomer, which is highly frost resistant  and has a stable set of operational properties.

[1] IN. Chersky and VA. Morov, Analysis and prediction of rubber and seals serviceability, in In Arctic conditions. Kautschuk und Gummi Kunststoffe, 43, 128–129, 128-129, 43(6, 1990.

[2] MF. Bukhina, Kurlyand SK: Low-temperature Behaviour of Elastomers, Leiden; Boston, VSP, 2007.

[3] S. Vishnitsky and GV. Chubarova, Morozov YL: Development of weatherproof rubber with improved low-temperature and adhesion properties. Rubber and vulcanized rubber, in Govorova OA, 26, 18–20, 26, 1999.

[4] State. GOST270-84 Standard, (1850)., Rubber: method of the determination elastic and tensile stressstrain properties, http://vsegost. com/Catalog/21/2.shtml, .

[5] State. Standard and Rubber. , Method for determination of frost on the elastic recovery after compression,

[6] State. Standard, Unified system of corrosion and aging protection -vulcanized rubbers: method of testing resistance to attack by corrosive media in limp state, http://vsegost. com/Catalog/35/3586.shtml,.

[7] GOST 9.024-74 State Standard, Unified system of corrosion and aging protection- rubbers: methods of heat aging stability determination, URL,