KnE Materials Science | IV Sino-Russian ASRTU Symposium on Advanced Materials and Processing Technology (ASRTU) | pages: 95-102

DOI: 10.18502/kms.v1i1.569

Preparation and Properties of Boron-Based Nano-B/CuO Thermite

T. Liu

X. Chen

A.J. Han

M.Q. Ye

S.T. Zhang


We adopt precipitation to prepare the nanometer CuO and coat it on boron particles of micro- and nano-size. The morphology and coating result of B/CuO nanocomposite thermite were characterized using different techniques, such as scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The results indicated that the boron particles were coated completely by nanocomposite CuO and well distributed. The B/CuO nanocomposite thermite reaction process was tested by thermogravimetric/differential scanning calorimetry. The obtained reaction temperature of B/CuO particles is about 116.86° lower than that of boron particles. The B/CuO thermite and boron powder were added to Mg/PTFE propellant to be measured for their respective combustion performance. The results showed that the B/CuO-Mg/PTFE propellant burning rate increased by 12.87%, mass burning rate by 13.48%, and combustion temperature increased by 56.3° compared to the B-Mg/PTFE propellant. The above results indicate that the CuO coating of boron particles increases the combustion performance of propellant compared with uncoated particles.


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ISSN: 2519-1438