Situation and Development of Ferroalloy Metallurgy in Russia


Ferroalloy production is an important branch of metallurgy having a great impact on its development since the treatment of liquid metals by ferroalloys remains one of the main methods to regulate the quality of steel, cast iron,and nonferrous alloys. Manganese is the most essential element to treat ferrous and non-ferrous metals. A need for manganese alloys in Russia averages to 600–650 metric tons per year, but only a half of the quantity is satisfied by the domestic production. In contrast to manganese alloys, Russia provides itself with chromium ferroalloys obtained with the use of foreign raw materials. Domestic ores are used in limited quantities. Taking into account the strategic importance of ferroalloy industry and the necessity to create and include manganese and chromium ore bases, as well as the other basic problems, the achievement of the goals has to be implemented by enterprises with the help of the State. The output of ferrosilicon and crystal silicon in the Russian Federation exceeds its consumption in the country due to raw material reserves (quartzite, quartz), high productive capacity, and consumer demands. Ferroalloy enterprises in Russia produce ferrovanadium, ferromolybdenum, ferroniobium, ferrotungsten, ferrotitanium, and ferronickel. A traditional challenge for ferroalloy enterprises in Russia is improving the competitiveness at the expense of reducing production costs, improving the production quality, and solving the issue of import substitution for certain types of ferroalloys.

Keywords: ferroalloys, manganese, ferrochromium, production

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