Land Reclamation Digitalization As a Key Factor in Ensuring National Food Security
The purpose of the research was to analyze the impact of digitalization of land reclamation on food security of the Russian Federation, as a result of which its significant role was established. In this connection, the concept of digital land reclamation was developed, which is distributed at all stages of the life cycle of reclamation objects. Thus, within the framework of the implementation of digital reclamation, it is planned to ensure its close integration with the processes of digital agriculture, and its close integration with the platforms developed in the process of implementation of the digital economy. It also provides for a flexible architecture of its end-to-end integration with the databases of various federal executive authorities of the Russian Federation for the collection, storage, and processing of information. In order to develop digital land reclamation, it is proposed to create scientific and educational centers for land reclamation in the form of specialized sites, a complex of objects, facilities and equipment, technological and innovation infrastructure in the regions of Russia and intended for the approbation and commercialization of scientific and technical results in the field of land reclamation, which will simplify the process of implementing the results of scientific research in production. Introduction of scientific and educational centers for land reclamation will ensure: food security of Russia and increase of profitability in agriculture; creation of tools (methods, technical means, technologies, etc.) for digital agriculture; creation of innovative platforms for decision support to agricultural producers; increase of efficiency of interaction between participants and the state with transition to digital format; development of digital environment for remote agricultural production. Increasing the efficiency of interaction between the participants and the state with the transition to digital format; development of the digital environment of distant agrarian education and the market of professional agro-consulting; increasing the attractiveness of work in agriculture, increasing the demand for information technology specialists in the agricultural sector, increasing the level of income in rural areas.
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