On the Diagnostic Role of Morphological Signs of Wild Rose (Rosa L.)
Identification and systematics of species of wild rose (Rosa L.) are often associated with difficulties due to the diversity and variability of morphological features used in this process. They also arise in establishing genetic links between taxa of different ranks. Clarity in the diagnostic role of specific or group of characters is not only theoretical but also of practical importance. Such an attempt is made on the example of species of the genus Rosa from different sections and subsections (R. canina. R. danaiorum, R. ruprechtii, R. marschalliana, R. obtusifolia, R. svanetica, Rosa mollis, R. buschiana, R. pulverulenta, R pomifera, R. iberica, R. pimpinnefolia, etc.) of Chechnya and adjacent territories. The set of signs of the vegetative and generative sphere used in identifying species, subsections, sections has been considered. There was a lack of representativeness for the intraspecific diagnostics of such signs as: “free, immersed columns”, or “sessile stigmas in the hemispherical head above the fetal throat”, “occasionally solid sepals, with downward directed fruits” and others used in sectional diagnoses, because they are characteristic of species of different sections. The authors noted the heterogeneity of the authors’ approach to the characterization of section rank taxa, the inadmissibility of the universal, and the need for a differentiated approach in using the same characteristics when identifying taxa of different levels.
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