The Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking "Magarach" – to the Viticulture of the Chechen Republic
In the second half of the last century, the budget-forming industry of the agroindustrial complex of the Checheno-Ingush Republic - viticulture, had great success: in some years, gross grape output reached 100 thousand tons; the total area of vineyards reached 30 thousand hectares; wide sections of the rural population were provided with work in 54 wine-growing farms of 7 administrative districts. Along with the leading role of the state, science, represented by the leading scientific institutions of the country, also provided invaluable assistance in the development of this industry. Among them the former All-Soviet National Research Institute Viticulture and Winemaking ”Magarach” (now Federal State Institution of Science ”Russian National Research Institute Viticulture and Winemaking ”Magarach” RAS”) took a worthy place. The article provides material that reveals the role of this institute in solving a number of production issues and problems that arose before the industry in certain periods of time. It is shown that thanks to the close cooperation of scientists and production workers, against the background of a unified state policy, effective solutions were achieved in one or another direction of its development. In particular, it concerns the improvement of the grape assortment, the solution of the phylloxera problem, the production of environmentally friendly products, etc. It is concluded that at present, for the sustainable development of viticulture of the Republic, it is necessary to renew ties with scientists from the Magarach Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking, and in general to strengthen further links between science and production.
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