Innovative Technology and Food Safety of Fruit Biopowders
A technology has been developed for biopowders production from fruit raw materials grown in the Chechen Republic. The data on vacuum microwave drying of fruit raw materials under the influence of an amplitude-modulated magnetic field with carrier frequency of 180–20 kHz and modulating frequency of 10 to 30 Hz, with magnetic induction value of 5 mt. The proposed regimes of dehydration of fruit raw materials and its subsequent grinding by gas-liquid ”explosion”, providing the possibility of successful use in dried state in production technology of soft drinks. The peculiarity is the use of ecologically clean fruits of apricots, cherry plums, cherries, pears, melons and plums grown in Shelkovsky district of the Chechen Republic as raw materials. We studied physical and chemical indicators, content of phenolic substances and organoleptic indicators of fruit raw materials, powders and beverages. We also conducted comparative assessment. Under the influence of EMB ELF vacuum microwave drying of fruits contributes to better preservation properties of raw materials and finished powders. Organoleptic evaluation showed that non-alcoholic beverages produced on the proposed technology had intense color and more pronounced flavor of sweetness and acid compared to traditional non-alcoholic beverages. The advantage of this technology is the possibility to transport components for beverage production at unregulated temperature conditions to any location that is close to the consumer and carry out the production of soft drinks there.
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