Definition of Fuel and Lubricant Consumption Rates and Production of Tractor Units As Part of John Deere Tractors


Tractors are mainly applied in agriculture. The share of import in the structure of tractor machinery market is constantly growing. One of the information sources for the optimization of the machine and tractor fleet and the development of standards to satisfy the needs of typical farms in tractors and agricultural machines for crop production are the performance standards of machinery and fuel consumption. The recommended norms of fuel production and consumption imply the rational use of shift time, optimal composition of machine-tractor units and effective operation modes of tractors and self-travelling agricultural machines. In recent years, many tractors and agricultural machines of foreign companies, including John Deere, are working in the fields of Trans-Urals, Siberia and Russia as a whole. The standards of production and consumption of fuels and lubricants for these agro-climatic conditions are not available for all machine-tractor units. Therefore, it is becoming ever more relevant for agricultural producers to develop such. The studies to establish fuel consumption standards and performance rates of machine-tractor units as part of John Deere tractors were carried out in the fields of agricultural enterprises of the Tyumen Region. The paper presents the results of the study. For example, the productivity of a tractor for a field located at a distance of 5–6 km and an average length of furrow of 1300 m can be in the range of 5.8–6.0 ha/h. Taking into account natural and climatic conditions and different physical and mechanical composition of soil, as well as configuration of fields and length of furrows during processing, the data on the consumption of basic lubricants were obtained. Recommendations on the use of consumption rates for fuels and lubricants of modern tractors in various technological operations in agriculture will greatly facilitate planning and calculation of operating costs of machine-tractor units. The paper considers recommendations on the use of correction factors to the nominal range of fuel consumption depending on soil type for John Deere tractors of the 9th series on the example of disk tillage. Software for economic evaluation of agricultural machinery as part of agricultural technology was developed.

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