Symptoms Burden among Women with Gynecological Cancer in Indonesia: A Descriptive Study
Background: Gynecological cancer is one of the most common reproductive health problems of cancer. Factors that cause high rates of the incidence of gynecological cancer, because many symptoms are ignored so that symptoms that can actually be treated early become a very serious disease. Women with gynecological cancer have a burden of symptoms over time which can cause a negative response to the patient’s physical, psychological and emotional.
Objectives: This study aimed to describe the symptom burden in women with gynecological cancer.
Methods: This study used quantitative and descriptive research using cross sectional approach. Conducted in May2019,with95subjectsresearchatRumahSinggahinBandungusingconvenience sampling. Symptom Burden was assessed using Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS).
Resuts: Ten common symptoms experienced by respondents with gynecological cancer were worrying 96.8% (92), feeling sad 95.8% (91), insomnia 93.7% (89), problems with activity or sexual arousal 89, 5% (85), feeling tired 86.3% (82), lack of appetite 81.1% (77), dizziness 80% (76), irritability 80% (76), pain 78.9% (75), less energy 78.9 (75), with a symptom mean of 1.08 (± 0.386).
Conclusion: Indicated that psychological symptoms is the common symptom that experienced by women with gynecological cancer. Nursing and other healthcare professional is expected to pay more attention to psychological symptoms to meets the need of patient.
 Apriyani, Y., & Sumarni, S. (2013). Analisa Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Mioma Uteri di RSUD Dr. Adhyatama Semarang. Jurnal Kebidanan.
 Perez,O.R.,Magrina,J.,Garcia,T.,&Zo,A.(2015).PropphylaticSalpingektomyandHighgradeserous Epitheleal Carcinoma a Riappriasal. Journal Surgical Oncology.
 Ferlay,J.,Soerjomataram,I.,Ervik,M.,Dikshit,R.,Eser,S.,Mathers,C.,...Bray,F.(2014).CancerIncidance and Mortality Worldwide: Sources, methods, and major pattern in GLOBOCAN 2012. International Journal of Cancer.
 KemenkesRI.(2015).InformasiSituasiPenyakitKanker.DalamBuletinJendeladanInformasiKesehatan. Edisi ke 1 (hal. 1-11). Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI.
 Gapstur, R. L. (2007). Symptom Burden: A Concept Analysis and Implications for Oncology Nurses. Oncology Nursing Forum.
 Harrington, C., Hansen, J., & Moskowitz, M. (2010). it’s not over when it’s over: long-term symptoms in cancer survivors- a systematic rewiew. International Journal Psychological Med.
 Deshields, T. L., Potter, P., Olsen, S., & Liu, J. (2013). The persistence of symptom burden: symptom experience and quality of life of cancer patients across one year. Support Care cancer.
 Haryani, H., Hsu, Y. Y., Warsini, S., & Wang, S. T. (2018). Measuring the Symptom Experience of PatientsWithCancerinIndonesia:Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale—Indonesian Version. Journal of pain and symptom management, 56(6), 920-927.a.
 Berek, & Jonathan, S. (2005). Psychological Issues, Practical Gynecologic Oncology, Lippincott & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
 Cleeland, C. S., & Reyyes, C. C. (2002). When is it Justiﬁed to Treat Symptoms? Measuring Symptom Burden.
 Wang, X., Shi, Q., & Lu, C. (2010). Prognostic Value of Symptom Burden for Overall Survival in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy for Advanced nonsmall cell Lung Cancer. Journal of Cancer, 137-145.