The Relationship between Exclusive Breastfeeding (ASI) and Mother Heightwith Incident Rates Stunting among Child Age 2-5 Years In Barombong Public Health Center, Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan


Background: The incidence of stunting is one of the nutritional problems experienced by toddlers in the world today. Indonesia ranks fifth for stunting in the world, which is around 37% (nearly 9 million) children. Toddlers with stunting will have a level of intelligence that is not optimal, making children more vulnerable to disease and in the future can be at risk of decreasing levels of productivity. In the working area of the Barombong Public Health Center, it was reported that nutrition issues, especially exclusive breastfeeding for toddlers and pregnant women, were still the focus of attention from the current Puskesmas work plan. So that this problem could be a risk factor for stunting incidents experienced by many toddlers in the work area of Barombong Health Center, Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi.

 Objectives: This study aims to determine how the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and maternal heightwiththeincidenceofstuntingininfantsaged2-5yearsattheBarombongPublic HealthCenter, Gowadistrict, SouthSulawesi.

Methods:A cross sectional approach was used, this study conducted in August 2018 with the total population was 56 toddlers were selected using purposive sampling techniques. Data collection was carried out by researcher assisted used questionnaires. Forty nine toddlers met inclusion criteria. Parental height data is obtained by measuring high using a precision microtoise of 0.1 cm and the incidence of stunting is obtained by measuring the nutritional status with toddler’sheightbyage(TB/U)islessthan-2SDandchisquaretestwasusedtodata analysis.

Results: Theresultswereprevalenceofshortfathersis1%,andshortmothers is 89.8%. The prevalence of children under five did not get exclusive breastfeeding is 75.5% and the incidence of stunting is 83.7% and very short 16.3%.From the bivariate test results there was no relationship of father’s height with stunting events chi square test results (p-value 1.00) of parents with stunting events, there was a relationship of maternal height with stunting events chi square test results (p-value 0.026), there is a relationship between exclusive breastfeeding with the stunting event of the chi square test results (p-value 0.015).

Conclusion: the conclusion of this study is need family approach and providing education to the family as well as best nutritional intake in the breast milk at the beginning of life in order to prepare the first 1000 days of children life to avoid Stunting.


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