The Effect of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Simulations on (Knowledge, Attitudes, and Skills) of Youth Organization Members in Candibinangun Village, Pakem District, Sleman


Background: People who experience an Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) are very unlikely to survive because the probability of survival decreases by 7-10%. Therefore, immediate treatment is needed by people around the victim (bystanders). Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provided by bystanders reduces death rate associated with OHCA. However many bystanders can not do CPR and the majority were young people.

Objectives: This research aimed to investigate the effect of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) simulations on (knowledge, attitudes, and skills) of Youth Organization’s members in Candibinangun Village, Pakem District, Sleman.

Methods: The design of this research was one group pre-test post-test.In this study, the respondents were taught CPR simulation intervention. The sampling technique used was accidental sampling with a total sample of 15 respondents. The inclusion criteria were age>13 years, had never taken CPR simulation training, unskilled bystander, and willing to become respondents. The exclusion criteria were members of the Youth Organization having experience as a trained bystander. This research used bivariate dataanalysisandWilcoxonRankTestasthedatawasnotnormallydistributed.

Results: CPR simulations had an effect on the knowledge (p = 0.001), attitudes (p = 0.009), and skills of rescuing victims of cardiac arrest (p = 0.001). The average score of pre-test and post-test on the knowledge variable were 32 and 81.33. The average score of pre-test and post-test on the attitude variable were 57.33 and 82.67. The average scoreofpre-testandpost-testonskillvariableis8and75.

Conclusion: CPRsimulation increases the ability of young people as bystanders. Suggestion: CPR simulation is included in Karang Taruna (Youth) Organization routine activity.


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