Comparison of Cold and Warm Compresses influence toward Pain in Patients with Extremity Fractures


Background: Fracture is one of the causes of death in the world. Pain is a major symptom reported by patients with fracture.a Nonpharmacology management of pain includes stimulus and cutaneous massage, ice, and heat therapy (cold or hot compress), distraction, guided imagery, hypnosis, and relaxation techniques.

Objectives: the purpose of this study was to determine the differences of pain sensation between cold and warm compresses intervention among patients with limb fractures at the Dradjat Prawiranegara Serang Banten hospital.

Methods: A quasi-experimental method was conducted with two group pretest and posttest design for each teratments. The study was conducted in dr. Dradjat Prawiranegara hospital Serang Banten. A total of 12 respondent has participated in this study. Pain intensity was measured using a numeric rating scale.The data analysis using univariate analysis and bivariate analysis. Bivariate analysis using T test (T-test) that is difference test of two independent mean.

Results: The result shows that the average intensity of pain beforecoldcompresswasgivenwas7andreduce3.13to3.83postintervention.While the average intensity of the pain before given an warm compress was 6 and 3.83 post intervention. (P = 0.000).

Conclusions: Judging from the magnitude of change in pain intensity was concluded that warm compress more effectively than cold compress to decrease pain in fracture patients.

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