Contribution to the Number of Pregnancy (Gravida) Complications of Pregnancy and Labor


Background: Emergency obstetric and newborn is a condition that can be life-threatening and can occur during pregnancy and childbirth. The cause of such emergencies include comorbidities, complications of pregnancy and child birth in which this condition can arise because of risk factors during pregnancy,one of them is gravida. Pregnantwomenwithprimigravidaandgrandmultigravidaareoneoftheriskfactorsfor complications of pregnancy and childbirth.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of the number of pregnancies (gravida) to women who experience complications of childbirth in Hospital Pandan Arang Boyolali

Methods: The study was a retrospective descriptive quantitative approach, data collection using notes or other documents in the form of health information for pregnant women with gestationalcomorbiditiesaretakenbasedondatafromJanuary1toDecember31,2018, with total sampling.

Results: From the data 224 pregnant women with comorbidities and complications of labor, based on the characteristics of the highest responder status occurs at age 20-35 years old in 185 (82.5%), multigravida status of 190 (84.8%), co-morbidities pregnancy Preeclampsia 124 (55.3%) and the handling of labor SC 152 (67%). The highest contribution to the multigravida gravida with the highest labor complication is bleeding 101 (53.2%).

Conclusions: The importance of monitoring the mother’s pregnancy and regulating the number of pregnancies (gravida) to prevent complications of pregnancy and childbirth and to improve the degree of life of amother.

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