How to be aware of Cognitive Impairments? Descriptive Studies Using HVLT, CDT and AD8 As Screening Tools for Dementia in Older Adults


Background: The increasing incidence of dementia in Indonesia’s elderly population is creating a health problem that affects sufferers’ quality of life, as well as family and wider community life. The elderly who suffer from dementia have cognitive impairment and other disabilities that interfere with daily activities. Animportanttoolforpreventing dementia is screening.

Objective: This study describes dementia screening tools including HVLT, CDT and AD, each designed for elderly with risk factors of dementia.

Methods: Descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach was used. The population waselderlywholiveincapitalregionofJakarta.Asample354elderliesaged60years or more were recruited and screened through multistage random sampling.

Result:The results of screening dementia using HVLT were 56.5 % very likely to suffer dementia; 92.1 % (CDT) and 56.2 % (AD8) were suffered cognitive impairments.

Conclusions: Community Health Center could be considered to be used screening tool according to elderly conditions to diagnose dementia early. Besides that, elderly individuals and their family could enhance their awareness about prevention of dementia by identifying existing risk factors.


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