Relationship Follows Trends and Smoker’s Families with Perceptions of Smoking in Primary School Age Children in Karawang, Indonesia


Background: Increased smoking habits in school-age children Impact on perceptions about the dangers of smoking in school-age children. Perceptions in the form of school-age children are based on children’s experiences of exposure to smokers and smokers’ environments. Positive perceptions of the dangers of smoking school-age children who consider smoking habits to be a natural thing to do school-age children.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of factors following the trends and factors of family smokers with perceptions about smoking in school-age children in Karawang, Indonesia.

Methods: Data was taken from the Karawang Community Health Center, where 67% of students found smoking behavior, 356 students were recruited in the district. t-tests and spearman ratings are used to analyze the relationship between smoking and factors following trends and family smoker factors.

Results: The relationship between following trends with perceptions of smoking for school-age children (p value = 0.02, r = 0.122) and the relationship between family smokers and smoking perceptions of school-age children (p value = 0.002,r=0.161).

Conclusion: Boys,smokingstatus,gettinginformationaboutsmoking, children Having parents who smoke, those who follow trends are a concern. It is recommended for health workers to provide innovative health information about the dangers of smoking in school-age children.


[1] Litbangkes. (2015). Tiga Topik Minsterial Round Table. Retrieved from http://www.litbang.kemkes.go. id/tiga-topik-ministerial-round-table/
[2] Infodatin. (2015). infodatin -hari -tanpa -tembakau -sedunia. structure-publikasi-pusdatin-info-datin.html.
[3] Riskesdas. (2013). RISET KESEHATAN DASAR. Hasil{%}20Riskesdas{%}202013.pdf
[4] Ra,J.S.,&Jung,M.S.(2018).School-relatedfactorsaffectingsmokingintentionamongKoreanmiddle school students, 39(September 2017), 34–40.
[5] Urrutia-pereira, M., Oliano, V. J., Aranda, C. S., Mallol, J., & Solé, D. (2017). Prevalence and factors associated with smoking among adolescents. Jornal de Pediatria, 93(3), 230–237.
[6] O’Donnell, E., Markt, S. C., Miller, R., Bernard, B., Albiges, L., Beard, C., & Sweeney, C. (2017). Smoking and Disease Outcomes in Patients With Malignant Germ Cell Tumors. Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, 16(1), 78–84.
[7] Pender, N. J. (2015). Helath Promotion in nursing practice. (E. Sulvian, Ed.) (seventh ed).
[8] Efendi, F. & M. (2009). Keperawatan kesehatan komunitas Teori dan praktik dalam keperawatan. (Nursalam, Ed.). Jakarta.
[9] Faletau,Glover,&Nosa.(2013). Looks like smoking, is it smoking?: Children’s perceptions of cigarettelike nicotine delivery systems, smoking and cessation. Harm Reduction Journal, 10(1), no pagination.
[10] Bak, J., & Piko, B. (2007). Smoke-free world for children’s welfare: Perceptions of smoking in preadolescence. Children and Youth Services Review, 29(3), 283–293. childyouth.2006.07.007
[11] Mahabee-Gittens, E. M., Dexheimer, J. W., Tabangin, M., Khoury, J. C., Merianos, A. L., Stone, L., … Gordon, J. S. (2017). An Electronic Health Record-Based Strategy to Address Child Tobacco Smoke Exposure. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 54(1), 64–71.
[12] Gutiérrez-Abejón, E. et. a. (2015). Smoking impact on mortality in Spain in 2012. Medicina Clínica, 145(12), 520–5.
[13] Wagener,T.L.,Busch,A.M.,Dunsiger,S.I.,Chiang,K.S.,&Borrelli,B.(2014).Changesinriskperception following a smoking cessation intervention: the role of acculturation in a sample of Latino caregivers. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37(5), 1000–1008