Factors Associated with Nutritional Status of Adolescents Age 12-15 Years in Indonesia (Secondary Data Analysis of RISKESDAS 2007)


Adolescent prone to nutritional problems because it is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood marked by changes in physical, physiological, and psychosocial. They have based Household Health Survey (Household) in 2004 the prevalence of more nutritional status according to BMI percentile at age 12-15 years by 8.6%, and malnutrition of 10.3%. The purpose of this research is knowing the relationship between adolescents sociodemographic factors, nutrient intake, fruit and vegetable consumption habits, exercise behavior, smoking behavior, and nutritional status were the predictors for this study. This cross-sectional study used secondary data from Riskesdas 2007. The population was all of the households representing 33 provinces in Indonesia, and the sample was 53837 household member aged 12-15 year. Study results showed that 9.2% of adolescents experience more nutrition and 90.8%, not more food. The effect of the statistical test showed that there is an association between gender, education, protein intake, smoking behavior, exercise behavior, and nutritional parents’ nutritional status with adolescents’ status age 12-15 years. The author recommends it is providing
information about the nutritious balanced among others by eating a varied diet, not smoking, physical activity and weight monitoring.

Keywords: Nutritional status; youth; characteristic; cross-sectional; Indonesia

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