Health Hazards Related to Workers’ Health


Workers are at higher risk of being injured, sick even dying younger compared to the general population. During the past decades, risk management program focused mostly on physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and psychosocial hazard, yet it still left huge of workers’ health problem. The unidentified health hazard is a significant obstacle in risk management. Epidemiological methods used successfully in public
health history can be brought into the workplace to deal with occupational safety and health risk. This study aimed to understand and explore further the workplace’s hazards in the area of occupational health. This was a compilation of 7 preliminary surveys on occupational health profile using a sequential explanatory method, started with semi-quantitative and followed by a qualitative study, supported by literature study. The Number of respondents was 785 workers and supervisors from 19 workplaces ranging from small to big size enterprises which spread all over the islands of Indonesia. Data were collected by observation and document review, verified by questionnaire and in-depth interview. Our study identified human and organizational factors inevitably influence workers’ health besides the risk originated from environmental and ergonomic hazards as the focuses in traditional occupational health management. Occupational health should deal with all of the determinants discussed. To achieve freedom from or as lowest as possible health risks, further study or investigation to understand how workers get sick should be anticipated proactively and continuously, particularly the developments and events happened at the workplace that might become determinants
of workers’ health.

Keywords: Occupational health; workers’ health; risk factors

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