Body Dissatisfaction and Perceived Stress Among Obese and Non-Obese University Students in Yogyakarta


Yogyakarta is one of 16 provinces in Indonesia with the highest obesity prevalence. It is widely known that body dissatisfaction is higher among obese people than those nonobese ones. Young people with obesity may feel distressed and perceived as a condition that causes unhappiness. This study aimed to examine the relationship between body dissatisfaction and observed stress among obese and non-obese university students in
Yogyakarta Province. This study is a cross-sectional design in 276 subjects (138 boys and 138 girls) aged 19-25 years at Universitas Gadjah Mada and Universitas Teknologi Yogyakarta. Perceived stress was measured using the ten items Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), body dissatisfaction was defined using the Contour Drawing Rating Scale (CDRS), and obesity was defined using body mass index (BMI). BMI ≥25 kg/m2 was considered as obese. The Chi-square and Fisher’s exact analyses were performed. The results showed that the prevalence of body dissatisfaction was very high (90.6% boys; 88.4% girls). Similarly, distribution of perceived stress among university students was high (71.7% boys; 66.7% girls). Prevalence of body dissatisfaction was higher among obese ones. On the other hand, perceived stress was higher among non-obese students than those fat ones. However, a significant relationship was found only among girls (x 2 : 5.385; p: 0.020). This study highlighted the high number of body dissatisfaction and perceived stress among university students in Yogyakarta Province. Further studies required for additional understanding factors associated with body dissatisfaction, perceived
pressure, and obesity.

Keywords: Body dissatisfaction; perceived stress; body mass index; obesity; university students

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