Cause of Death of Indonesia Hajj in Armenia, Saudi Arabia 2015


This study aimed to describe a cause of death among Indonesian Hajj Pilgrims in Armenia at hajj implementation 2015. This research conducted an observational study. The subjects were 213 of Indonesian hajj pilgrims who died in Armenia in Hajj pilgrims 2015. Data were processed from secondary data and analyzed quantitatively. The cause of death Indonesian Hajj was Respiratory Disease were 130 cases (61%), circulation 54
cases (25%) and symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical 23 cases (11%). Hajj pilgrims in 2015 undertook at summer. The temperature at the field Arofah was around 52 degrees Celsius. At Mina, the temperature which was between 47-48 degrees, crowdedness at Mina to Jamarat, and long distance route to Jamarat for Indonesian hajj which was around 2-7.5 KM resulted in some health problems including; unusual physical
tiredness and exhaustion (physical stress). This condition became more serious for Hajj pilgrims with high risks disease. The high risk of Indonesian Hajj wasas much as 92,609 (60.90%) from 167,609 pilgrims. Physical activities and mobility that exceeded health condition, lack of nutrition supply and dehydration became the cause of the death. The death of Indonesian pilgrims 2015 in Armenia was three times higher than the previous
year. On Hajj Implementation 2015 stampede occurred on Thursday, September 24th 2015 in Mina at the intersection of streets 204 and 223 leading up to Jamaraat Bridge. Pilgrims died from that incident were 1,470, 125 of them were from Indonesia.

Keywords: Cause of death; hot sun exposure; physical stress; stampede

[1] Achmadi, Umar Fahmi. 2010. Manajemen Risiko Kesehatan Haji: Modul Pelatihan Kesehatan Haji Bagi Petugas Hajj. Jakarta.

[2] Djaffar, Herry Darsim. 2013. “Hajj Health Management Focusing on Risk Management.” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 12.

[3] Kemenkes RI. 2009. Kepmenkes No. 442 Tahun tentang Penyelenggaraan Kesehatan Haj.i Retrieved from Retrieved on April 23rd 2016.

[4] Kemenkes RI. 2015a. Data Demografi Jemaah Indonesia Tahun 2015. Retrieved from Retrieved on April 23rd 2016.

[5] Kemenkes RI. 2015b. Data Jemaah Haji Indonesia yang Wafat Tahun 2015. It is retrieved from and retrieved on April 23rd, 2016.

[6] Kemenkes RI. 2015c. Data Jemaah Haji Indonesia yang Wafat Periode Armina Tahun 2015 Retrieved from and retrieved on April 23rd, 2016.

7] Kemenkes RI. 2015d. Data Jemaah Indonesia Wafat Tahun 2015. Retrieved from and retrieved on April 23rd, 2016.

[8] Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2011. Pedoman Teknis Pembinaan Kesehatan Jemaah Haji. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

[9] Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2013. Pedoman Manasik Kesehatan Haji. Jakarta: Puskeshaji (Pusat Kesehatan Haji) Kemenkes RI.

[10] Khogali, Mustafa. 1983. “Epidemiology of Heat Illnesses during the Makkah Pilgrims in Saudi Arabia.” International Jurnal of Epidemiology, Vol 12 (3).

[11] Kodim, Nasrin. 2013. “Determinant factors contributed to the death of Indonesian Hajj pilgrims for the ages of >40 years in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.” Journal Epidemiology.

[12] Pane M. et al. 2013. “Causes of Mortality for Indonesian Hajj Pilgrims: Comparison between Routine Death Certificate and Verbal Autopsy Findings.”. Plos One. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073243.

[13] Wikipedia. 2015. Mina Stampede 2015. Retrieved from and retrieved on Sep 7th, 2016