COMPARISON EFFECT OF GEL AND SPRAY AIR FRESHENER EXPOSURE ON DIAMETER OF SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES AND CONCENTRATION SPERM OF WHITE RATS (<i>Rattus norvegicus</i>)
Indoor air pollution is the fifth most common health risk to the environment (USEPA, 2011). Indoor air pollution among others came from deodorizer such as air freshener. Chemicals that can be found in the air freshener include: benzene, formaldehyde, limonene, even phthalate (Hanke, et al, 2006). Such compounds are generally harmful to the reproductive system by interfering with the endocrine system of the testes, the cells Leydig. Chemical composition varies depending on the form of air freshener or manufacturer. Air freshener also emits volatile organic compound (VOC) room deodorizer gel and liquid (spray) is widely used in society. Consumers are not aware of any risk to the health of the use of air freshener. Aim of this study was to compare the effect of gel and spray air freshener exposure to the diameter of the seminiferous tubules and sperm concentration in male Rattus norvegicus.
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