MERCURY BIOACCUMULATION OF MACROBENTHOS BASED ON FEEDING BEHAVIOR AND NICHESAT LAMPON CEASED TRADITIONAL GOLD MINING, BANYUWANGI DISTRICT, EAST JAVA
The bioaccumulation of mercury in the areas of Lampon traditional gold mining still be traced, although the mining activity was stopped. This research traces mercury bioaccumulation in macrobenthos at Lampon areas. The bioindicators were used the representatives macrobenthos based on the trophic levels, feeding behavior and niches. Mercury were analized by SNI 06-6992.2-2004 with modified at LPPT UGM Yogyakarta.The results shows different accumulation of mercury in specimens based on feeding behavior and niches. Non-sessile benthos accumulate higher than the sessile. Benthic filter feeders in free colony will accumulate mercury higher than benthic filter feeders in massive sessile colony. Filter feeders in massive sessile colony was detected lower than solitary herbivores. If the benthic herbivores attached hardly at the rocks, they could detected in high consentration because their niche and behavior to go in the water rarely . Niches affect ability of macrobenthos to accumulate mercury, although in the same tropic levels and feeding behavior.
Keywords: mercury bioaccumulation, macrobenthos, trophic level, feeding behavior, niches
Baeyens, M., M. Leermakers, T. Papina, A. Saprykin, N. Brion, J. Noyen, M. De Gieter, M. Elskens, and L. Goeyens. 2003. Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Mercury and Methylmercury in North Sea and Scheldt Estuary Fish. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 45, 498–508.
Bowles, K.C., S.C. Apte, W.A. Maher, M. Kawei, and R. Smith. 2001. Bioaccumulation and biomagnification of mercury in Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58: 888–897.
Eisler, R. 1987. Mercury Hazards to Fish, Wildlife and Invertebrates. A Synoptic Review. Biologycal Report: 85 (1:10).
Gaston, G.R., C.F. Rakocinski, S.S. Brown, and C.M. Cleveland. 1998. Trophic Function in Estuaries: Response of Macrobenthos to Natural and Contaminant Gradient. Mar.Freshwater.Res: 49.833-46.
Gaudéncio, M.J., and H.N. Cabral. 2007. Trophic Structure of Macrobenthos in the Tagus Estuary and Adjacent Coastal Shelf. Hydrobiologia. 587:241-251.
Heath, A.G. 1987. Water Pollution and Fish Physiology. CRC Press Inc. Boca Raton. Florida.
Lee, S-S., and T.C. Keener. 2008. Dispersion Modeling of Mercury Emissionsfrom Coal-Fired Power Plants at Coshoctonand Manchester, Ohio.The Ohio Journal ofScience, v108, n4 (September, 2008), 65-69.
Neustadt, J., and S. Pieczenick. 2011. Heavy-metal Toxiciy-With Emphasis on Mercury. Integrative Medicine. Vol.10,No.5:45-50.
Palar, H. 2008. Pencemaran dan toksikologi logam berat. Rineka Cipta Pub. Jakarta.
Scheiner, S.M., and M.R. Willig. 2008. A General Theory of Ecology. Theor.Ecol. 1:21-28. DOI 10.1007/s12080-007-0002-0.
Sivadas, S.K., B.S. Ingole, and C.E.G. Fernandes. 2013. Environmental Gradient Favours Functionally DiverseMacrobenthic Community in a Placer Rich Tropical Bay. The Scientific World Journal. Volume 2013, Article ID 750580: 1-12. Hindawi Publishing Corporation.
Susintowati. 2012. Mercury Bioaccumulation and Community Structure of Gastropod at Ceased Traditional Gold Mining Lampon Estuary, Banyuwangi District, East Java.Thesis Text. Unpublished. Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta.
Urian, A.G. 2009. Potential for range expansion of the invasive green mussel, Perna viridis, the Southeastern of North Florida. Thesis Text. Unpublished. University of North Florida.
Widowati, W., A. Sastiono, and R.R. Jusuf. 2008. Efek toksik logam. Pencegahan dan penanggulangan pencemaran. Andi’s Pub. Yogyakarta.
Yoga, G.P., Y. Sudarso, T. Suryono, Awalina, M.H. Syawal, Yustiawati. 2009. Bioakumulasi Logam Merkuri Pada Beberapa Tipe Kebiasaan Makan Fungsional Biota Air Di Sungai Cikaniki. Limnotek. Vol. XVI. No. 2: 167-179.
Ysebaert, T., P.M.J. Herman, P. Meire, J. Craeymeersch, H. Verbeek, C.H.R. Heip. 2003. Large-scale spatial patterns in estuaries: estuarine macrobenthic communities in the Schelde estuary, NW Europe. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 57: 335–355.