Immunomodulators - A Review on Bovine Colostrum


The COVID-19 pandemic continues to be a global issue that draws worldwide attention. Countries are racing to develop vaccines and drugs to combat the COVID-19 virus. Immunomodulators are used in some of the prevention efforts. Any drug or substance that affects the immune system is classified as an immunomodulator. Bovine colostrum is an example of an immunomodulator. Colostrum is the mammary gland’s first secretion after birth, and it differs from mature milk in that it contains more proteins, immunoglobulin-A, vitamins, minerals, bactericides (lactoferrin, lysozyme, and lactoperoxidase), and growth factors. This review examines immunomodulators across various perspectives and characteristics, as an alternative for increasing the body’s resistance, and possible mechanisms are discussed. This review thereby facilitates the choice of suitable immune enhancement for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19.

Keywords: Bovine colostrum, Immonumodulator, Covid-19

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