Characterization of Irradiation Induced Mutants of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Generated from Jame-jame and Adira-4 Genotypes at M1V2 Generation


Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz., Euphorbiaceae) is an important dietary carbohydrate source for approximately 800 million people in the tropics. It is a potential crop for food, feed, and industry. Cassava breeding through conventional approaches are hampered with some limitations which resulted in a low number of superior varieties. The objective of this research was to generate several mutant lines with higher yield and starch content. This research intended to identify the second generation (M1V2) Jame-jame and Adira-4 variant cassava mutants from gamma ray irradiation. Jame-jame is a local genotype from Halmahera (local high yielding genotype, sweet, and potential)  and Adira-4 is an Indonesia national variety of cassava. Mutant diversity appears on the plant height, plant branching, and plant tubers that harvested at 10 months after planting (MAP). Our results showed the positive correlation between plant height, first branching height, tuber weight, number of roots, and number of economic roots. Based on tuber weight and number of economic tuber there were 9 potential mutants (putative).  Based on the stability test, there were 6 potential stable mutants (putative) by first branching height, tuber weight, total number of tubers, and total number of economies tuber, namely: V5D1-(2), V5D1-2(2), V5D1-3(2), V5D1-4(3), V5D2-2(2), and V5D2-6(2).


Keywords: local genotype, M1V2, storage root, characters,  stability.

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