New Pellet Feeds for Rabbits with a High Content of Nutrients and With the Addition of Dietary Supplements


This research presented the pellet feed production line. Three pellet feed formulasfor young stock rabbits (28-135 days old) were developed with the addition of experimental dietary supplements grouped into the following protein green complexes (PGC):PGC-92-1including thе following supplements- dried herbal pulp from red clover, herbal alfalfa meal, and Sporotherminprobiotic; PGC-92-2 including the following supplements - protein feed concentrate from wheat stillage filtrate (syrup), herbal alfalfa meal, and Sporothermin probiotic; PGC-92-3 including the following supplements – PGC from red clover, herbal alfalfa meal,andSporothermin probiotic. These were compared with feed formulated without dietary supplements (PGC-92 (Control)). The nutritional value of the concentrate feeds met the requirements assigned for this group of animals. The storage of the formulatedconcentrate feeds took place in industrial conditions (the floor store) in paper bags of 30 kg per group at the temperature of 18-20 ∘C and the relative humidity of 65-70%. Due to itsmoisture content exceeding the standard requirements, the check concentrate feed (Control) revealed a higher content of fungal and bacterial microflora. The fat acidityvalue and the total acidity increased, which indicated the instability of this batch of concentrate feed during storage. The experimental batches of concentrate feed had a stablequality and retained good quality throughout the testing period. The testing of the effects of the studied complexes in fattening young stock rabbits was carried out on the premises of the Lipetsk Rabbit LLC industrial complex with 2000 rabbits. The use ofall-in-onepellet feedsformulated with the addition ofdietary supplements made it possible to increase the slaughter yield by 3.62%, 4.45% and 3.96%, while reducing feed intake per 1 kg of slaughter mass by 0.72 ECU, 0.38 ECU and 0.88 ECU. There was an increase in profit of 17725.25rubles, 16114.38 rubles and 14168.55 rubles, and an increase in the level of profitability by 45.93%, 41.26% and 31.24%, which resulted from a highersafety andgrowth performance of the raised rabbits.

Keywords: concentrate feeds, pellet feeds, dietary supplements, protein green complex, feed for rabbits, growth performance

[1] Amaravadhi SC, Mallam M, Manthani GP, Komireddy KR. Effect of dietary supplementation of probiotics and enzymes on the haematology of rabbits reared under two housing systems. Veterinary World. 2012;5(12):748–753.

[2] Kutin DD. Influence of the feeding regime on the rabbits’ body. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Technologies Integral. 2018;4:181-186.

[3] Standartinform M. GOST 32897-2014. Concentrate feed for fur-bearing animals, rabbits and nutria. General technical conditions. Moscow: Standartinform; 2015.

[4] Kurchaeva EE, Vostroilov AV, Artemov ES, Maksimov IV. Conference on Innovations in Agricultural and Rural development; 2019. 341 IOP Publishing. Improving the productivity of rabbits through the sharing of probiotic complexes and herbal supplements. March 4th, Russia, Voronezh.

[5] Yurina NA, Pskhatsieva ZV, Kononenko SI, Esaulenko NN, Erokhin VV. Efficiency of the use of feed supplements Sporothermin and Kovelos in concentrate feeds. Actual Problems of Intensive Development of Livestocking. 2014;17(1):185-192.

[6] Shentsova ES, Vostroilov AV, Lytkina LI, Kurchaeva EE. Improvement of the physiological status and quality of rabbit meat against the background of the use of the probiotic complex ”SPOROTERMIN” in the composition of concentrate feeds. Bulletin of Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies. 2019;81(3):57-63.

[7] Kalashnikov AP, Fisinin VI, Shcheglov VV, Kleymenov NI.Feeding regimes and rations for farm animals. Moscow. Rosselkhozakademiya. 2003.

[8] Bhatt RS, Agrawal AR, Sahoo A. Effect of probiotic supplementation on growth performance, nutrient utilization and carcass characteristics of growing chinchilla rabbits. Journal of Applied Animal Research. 2017;45(1):304-309.

[9] Birolo M, Trocino A, Tazzoli M, Xiccato G. Effect of feed restriction and feeding plans on performance, slaughter traits and body composition of growing rabbits. World Rabbit Science. 2017;25:113–122.

[10] Bogdanova OV, Alekseeva LV, Lukyanov AA. Biologically active substance application efficiency for meat rabbit breeding. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences. 2018;12(2):431-435.

[11] Zhu F. Triticale: Nutritional composition and food uses. Food Chemistry. 2018;241:468-479.

[12] Ndagijimana P., Xuejiao L., Zhiwei L., Guang-Wei Yu., Yin W. Optimized synthesis of a core-shell structure activated carbon and its adsorption performance for Bisphenol A. Science of the Total Environment. 2019;689:457-468.

[13] Villamide M.J., Garcia J., Cervera C. et al. Comparison among methods of nutritional evaluation of dietary ingredients for rabbits. Animal Feed Science and Technology.2003;109(1-4):195-207.

[14] Yang W., Benchaar C., Ametaj B., Beauchemin K. Dose response to eugenol supplementation in growing beef cattle: Ruminal fermentation and intestinal digestion. Animal Feed Science and Technology.2010;158:57-64.

[15] Alferov AS, Bakhchevnikov ON, Braginets SV, Chernutsky MV. Development of energy-saving technology for introducing the plant mass of forage grasses into the composition of concentrate feeds. Bulletin of the NSEEU. 2017;10(77):71-80.