Multifunctional Prosthesis Control with Simulation of Myoelectric Signals
The skeletal muscle activation generates electric signals called myoelectric signals. In recent years a strong scientific activity has been developed in the recognition of limb movements from electromyography (EMG) signals recorded from non-invasive (surface) electrodes, in order to design systems for prosthetic control. Surface EMG acquire the activation of surrounding muscles and for that reason the obtained signal needs to be conditioned and processed, with pattern recognition techniques for extraction and classification. In this work EMG signals were acquired for two hand movements, “hand close” and “hand open”. The EMG electrodes were placed on the forearm and positioned over the extensor digitorum muscle, for the “hand open” and flexor digitorum muscle, for the “hand close”. Using MATLAB software the signal conditioning, feature extraction and classification were performed. The feature extraction process was carried with the Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) technique and the classification process was done with two different techniques for comparison purposes, Neural Networks (NN) and Support Vector Machines (SVM). The results show that the SVM classifier used presented better classification performance compared to NN classifier used.
Keywords: EMG, Signal conditioning, Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT), Neural Networks (NN), Support Vector Machines (SVM)
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