Noise As a Factor of Green Areas Soundscape Creation
The research subject presented in the paper is acoustic perception, the perception of a sound landscape by a human. The paper aim was formulated - knowing the sources of noise based on the subjective assessment of recipients allows for sustainable management of green areas (city parks). The need to shape a harmonious landscape may contribute to finding a new function and attractive form for the studied areas. Research carried out for selected city parks in Bydgoszcz (Poland) concerns the registration of responses of people assessing the sound landscape (subjective approach). Completed studies allow ”translating” subjective assessments into meaningful values using fuzzy cognitive maps. The scenarios completed show the possibility of using tools supporting the decision-making process in urban planning of city parks in relation to existing acoustic conditions.
Keywords: Noise, Soundscape, Green areas, Urban planning, Environment
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