Analysis Of Doppler Reactivity Coefficient On The Typical Pwr-1000 Reactor With Mox Fuel


Doppler coefficient is defined as a relation between fuel temperature changes and reactivity changes in the nuclear reactor core. Doppler reactivity coefficient needs to be known because of its relation to the safety of reactor operation. This study is intended to determine the safety level of the  typical PWR-1000 core by calculating the Doppler reactivity coefficient in the core with UO2 and MOX fuels. The  typical PWR-1000 core  is similar to the PWR AP1000 core designed by Westinghouse but without Integrated Fuel Burnable Absorber (IFBA) and Pyrex. Inside the core, there are  UO2 fuel elements with 3.40 % and 4.45 % enrichment, and MOX fuel elements with 0.2 % enrichment. By its own way, the presence of Plutonium in the MOX fuel will contribute to the change in core reactivity. The calculation was conducted using MCNPX code with the ENDF/B- VII nuclear data. The reactivity change was investigated at various temperatures. The calculation results show that the core reactivity coefficient of both UO2 and MOX fuel are negative, so that the reactor is operated safely.

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