KnE Energy | The 3rd International Conference on Particle Physics and Astrophysics (ICPPA) | pages: 247–251

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1. Introduction

The spatio–temporal structures of particle emitting source in high-energy collisions are essentially defined by the dynamics of the collision processes [1]. The femtoscopy method allows to measure the spatial and temporal characteristics of emitting region in high-energy collisions. Such correlations arise from the quantum statistics, Coulomb and strong final state interactions.

In small system collisions, such as p+p collisions, Bose-Einstein correlations can be distorted by non-femtoscopic effects, for example, due to the correlations that caused by energy-momentum conservation laws, jets and mini-jets.

In this proceeding, estimation of jets (mini-jets) contribution to the correlation function of pions and kaons in p+p s =200 and s =510 GeV, and p+Au sNN =200 GeV collisions using PYTHIA 6.4.28 [2] and HIJING 1.383 [3] Monte-Carlo generators is presented.

2. Femtoscopy

The method of femtoscopy is created to measure the space-time extents of the particle emitting region at kinetic freeze-out. It is based on measurements of identical particle quantum statistical correlations. The femtoscopic correlations are calculated as a function of relative momentum, expressed as Qinv=|𝐩1-𝐩2| . In order to estimate the particle emitting source parameters, one uses the correlation function, C(Qinv) which is constructed as:

C(Qinv)=A(Qinv)B(Qinv),

(1) where A(Qinv) is a distribution of two-particle relative momentum that contains quantum statistical correlations, and B(Qinv) is the reference distribution that has all experimental effects as the first one except for the absence of the Bose-Einstein correlations.

One can study the dynamics of the collision evolution via measurement of the pair transverse momentum ( kT=|𝐩1𝐓+𝐩2𝐓|2 ) dependence of the correlation function [4].

Figure 1

(Color online) Comparison of charged particle correlation functions obtained by the ATLAS Collaboration (black triangles) and in this analysis (red rhombus) from HIJING with transverse momentum 0.7<kT<0.8 GeV/c, using events with a generated multiplicity 26<Ntrk<36 [5].

fig-1.jpg
Figure 2

(Color online) Comparison of the two-kaon (a,b) and two-pion (c,d) correlation functions in p+p collisions at s= 200 GeV (a,c) and s= 510 GeV (b,d). Black circles, red squares and green triangles represent HIJING, PYTHIA Perugia 2011 and Perugia 2012 tunes, respectively.

fig-2.jpg
Figure 3

(Color online) Comparison of the two-kaon (black circles) and two-pion (red squares) correlation functions in p+Au collisions at sNN= 200 GeV obtained from the HIJING generator.

fig-3.jpg

3. Results and Discussions

For estimation of non-femtoscopic effects the HIJING and PYTHIA with Perugia 2011 (no color reconnection) and Perugia 2012 tunes were used.

The PYTHIA program is a standard tool for the generation of events in high-energy collisions between elementary particles, comprising a coherent set of physics models for the evolution from a few-body hard-scattering process to a complex multiparticle final state. The HIJING is a Monte Carlo event generator is designed in particular to study jet and mini-jet production and associated particle production in high energy p+p, p+A and A+A collisions. The HIJING generator was running in the jet trigger mode with the transverse momentum of hard and semi-hard scattering of ptjet= 2 GeV/c. To test the procedure, we compared our calculations with ones performed by the ATLAS collaboration [5]. The comparison was performed in the multiplicity region of 26<Ntrk<36 and pair transverse momentum 0.7<kT<0.8 GeV/c. Fig. 1 shows the comparison of charged particle correlation functions obtained by the ATLAS Collaboration (black triangles) and our simulations (red rombs). One can see, that our calculations are consistent with published data by the ATLAS Collaboration.

In Fig. 2 one can see the calculated two-kaon and two-pion correlation functions at different kT bins in p+p collisions at s= 200 and s= 510 GeV.

It is seen that HIJING and PYTHIA shows similar contribution of jets (mini-jets) to the correlation functions of pions and kaons. At low kT PYTHIA generator and HIJING give similar description of non-femtoscopic correlations for both p+p at s= 200 GeV and s= 510 GeV. At high kT correlation functions obtained from HIJING show enhancement at low Qinv due to larger than PYTHIA jet (mini-jet) contribution.

The collision system dependence of the non-femtoscopic effects and especially jets and mini-jets contribution to the correlation function is also very important. Fig. 3 shows the two-pion and two-kaon correlation functions in p+Au collisions at 200 GeV obtained from the HIJING generator.

One can see that at high kT correlation functions of charged pions obtained from HIJING show similar trends for both p+p (Fig. 2(c)) and p+Au (Fig. 3) collisions. In p+Au collisions charged pions and kaons shows similar behavior of the correlation functions.

4. Conclusions

The HIJING 1.383 and PYTHIA 6.4.28 is used to estimate the correlation functions of like-sign pions and like-sign kaons in p+p collisions at s= 200 GeV and s= 510 GeV and p+Au at sNN= 200 GeV. At low kT PYTHIA and HIJING generators give similar description of non-femtoscopic correlations for both p+p s= 200 GeV and s= 510 GeV. At high kT correlation functions obtained from HIJING generator shows enhancement at low Qinv due to larger then PYTHIA jet (mini-jet) contribution. In p+Au collisions charged pions and kaons show similar behavior of the correlation functions.

Acknowledgments

The reported study was funded by RFBR according to the research project No. 16-02-01119 a. This work was partially supported by the Ministry of Science and Education of the Russian Federation, grant N 3.3380.2017/4.7, and by the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI in the framework of the Russian Academic Excellence Project (contract No. 02.a03.21.0005, 27.08.2013).

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