Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Findings in Malignant Hypertensive Retinopathy
Background: To report the findings of fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in a patient with malignant hypertensive retinopathy.
Case Report: A 41year-old male was referred to our clinic with sudden visual loss in both of his eyes after an acute rise of blood pressure (200/150 mmHg). Optic disc swelling, flame shape hemorrhages especially around the optic disc, arterial narrowing, vessel tortuosity, cotton wool spots, hard exudate deposition, and multiple deep orange spots (Elschnig spots) were visible in both eyes. In the OCTA, disruption in the normal tapering patterns of the superficial and deep capillary plexuses was observed. Elschnig spots were observed as hypointense spots in the choriocapillaris slab. Leakage of the optic nerve head was seen in the FA.
Conclusion: When compared with the FA, the OCTA can illustrate the ischemic areas and the Elschnig spots with greater detail.
Fluorescein Angiography, Malignant Hypertension, Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography, Retinopathy
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