Challenges and Pitfalls in the Management of Rhino-Orbital Mucormycosis in Ophthalmology: A Highlighted Problem in the COVID-19 Era


Secondary infections in hospitalized and ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are common. One of these life-threatening infectious diseases is rhino-orbital mucormycosis, which made an outbreak recently. This outbreak was mainly caused by the administration of high-dose corticosteroids in patients with COVID-19, especially those with diabetes mellitus. The increased incidence of rhino-orbital mucormycosis in the COVID-19 era presents different challenges for healthcare providers including ophthalmologists who are directly involved in disease management. We summarized the main challenges and recommendations for ophthalmologists on the management of rhino-orbital mucormycosis.


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