Obesity Review in GCC and New Evaluation Strategy


Purpose: This paper aims to review literature in the area of obesity phenomena and solution for identifying existing research themes and future opportunities to better understand the relationship between factors that affect the obesity and Intervention done and make compassion on what is done globally and in GCC. Approach: This paper reviews articles related to obesity factors in GCC such as behavioural and cultural and its effect on behaviours outcomes. This review attempted to identify the main trends in the literature on obesity focussing on environmental, people’s eating habits and their attitude toward western foods, governance and policies, socio-economic and socio-cultural causes. Findings: Risk factors associated with being overweight or obese are similar in GCC and the rest of the world. However, as the literature indicates that high family income associated with obesity, lack of physical activity and time spent in sedentary activities such as TV watching is significantly associated with an increase in the risk of overweight or obesity in GCC.

Keywords: obesity/overweight, obesity causes, obesity intervention, obesity rate, obesity socio-behavioural/cultural factors, obesity barriers, actions towards obesity framework

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