Conservation and Rehabilitation of Historic Urban Landscapes as Cultural Heritage Area (KCB): Case in Padang, West Sumatra

Abstract

Padang is the provincial capital of West Sumatra, Indonesia, and was affected by the earthquake that occurred in September 2009. UNESCO and the Indonesian government conducted an emergency survey of the damage. While the municipality of Padang is trying to promote and conserve the area as Kawasan Cagar Budaya, there are various difficulties, especially after the natural disaster. Architectural monitoring of damaged houses and landscapes and semi-structural interviews with residents of thirty-five buildings in the area have been conducted since 2010. The research shows how residents changed a way of living in their houses after an earthquake, and show, and religious ties and land ownership are more important than geographical ties at the street level.