Fajar Ria Dwi Natalia Sianipar
Botany Laboratory, The University of Papua, INDONESIA, Indonesia
Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam.) is one of the plant species in Pandanacea family. Moreover, it is also used as food, medicines, and dyes in Eastern part of Indonesia. For the local people in Papua, however, it is difficult to grow the red fruit using seed propagation due to the seed dormancy. In this study, we investigated the morphological and anatomical structure of the red fruit seeds. We conducted the study by observing the morphological and anatomical structure of the red fruit seeds and its seed dormancy. The study revealed that the red fruit drupe was divided into exocarp, mesocarp and endocarp layers. Anatomical analysis indicated that the seed coat consisted of parenchyma and lignin-walled cells. The inner layer of the seed coat was covered by mucilaginous, blockage and per carp. The endosperm consisted of starch containing parenchyma cells and small sized embryos that contained small parenchyma cells.