1. Introduction
The Indonesia Ministry of Health uses the infant, child, and maternal mortality rate, also morbidity figures of some diseases to asses the health degree. The degree of health status is influenced by several factors, including health factors, availability of health infrastructure, economic, education, social environment, heredity, and sanitation that is always forgotten by the Indonesian goverment.
If a city or village does not have good sanitation system, the environment will be polluted and public health will be disturbed so that the disease will be coming. The poor sanitation condition will potentially lead to increasing cases ofdiarrhea, malaria, dengue fever, and filariasis. In this study, the author will discuss the relationship between sanitation and diarrhea, because diarrhea is the direct impact of poor sanitary condition while malaria, dengue fever and filariasis indirect cause of poor sanitation which are mediated by mosquitos as the vector disease.
Diarrhea is endemic. The potential disease outbreak of diarrhea is often accompanied by death.. The cause of diarrhea in the community is the poor health behavior, poor waste management, and contaminated drinking water. There were 201,671 of diarrhea patient's cases in Aceh and only 89,447 patients that were treated. There were only 44.25% of this incidence that could be treated by Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Aceh in 2015.
Kabupaten Pidie through sanitation working group began thinking to improve sanitation plan, develop, implementation, supervise and monitor the future development of sanitation. The government of Pidie realized that sanitation infrastructure was poor, indicated by the high incidence of diarrhea in Pidie by the third number after Northern Aceh and Bieuren based on Aceh health profile. The current domestic wastewater coverage in Pidie can be seen in Table 1 while the risked area and sanitation problems can be seen in Figure 1 (PPSP 2015).
Table 1
2. Methods
Validity refers to the approximate truth of an inference. Valid is the extentto which relevant evidence supports that inference as bring true or correct. Usually, that evidence comes from both empirical findings and the consistency of these findings with other sources of knowledge, including past finding and theories. Assessing validity always entails fallible human judgments. Validity is not absolute; various degrees of validity can be invoked. As a result, when we use prefaced by approximant or tentatively (Shadish et al. 2002).
In this study, validity inference was assessed using Null Hypothesis (Ho) and the Alternative Hypothesis (H1) with F test. F test know as test model/Anova test, that test to see how of independent variables (x) the influence the dependent variables (y), or to test the regression model that we make good and significant or not good and not significant. In this study, we have to of the independent variable, there are Number of families who defecation (x
3. Results and Discussion
This study will be used One – Way Anova Method, where Ho is sanitation have a significant effect on diarrhea; H1 is no significant effect of sanitation on diarrhea and analysis data with confidence level 95% and 5% error. The amount data is number of families who defecation (x
Table 2
Where: k = 2; N = 46
Sum of squares of error sample (SSE)
Table 3


Variation  Degrees of dependent  Sum of squares  Mean of squares  RKf 
df  
Treatment  k  1  SSTr  Ms(Tr)=SSTr/(k1)  MSTr/MSE 
Error  k (N 1)  SSE  MSE=SSE/k(n1)  
Sum  Nk  1  SST 
Then:
Table 4
With see F table with probability α (5%), dfnumerator [(k – 1) = 1] and dfdenominator [k(N1) = 90] with data from the limit value of the F distribution table is 3.95 (F table) and F arithmetic is 5.95269E09. It means F arithmetic
4. Conclusions
As discussed, this study proved that sanitation had a significant effect on diarrhea. In this study from table distribution F, we got F table 3.95 with probability α (5%), dfnumerator [(k – 1) = 1] and dfdenominator [k(N1) = 90] and F arithmetic is 5.95269E09. It means F arithmetic
To solve the current problem, we must build the good sanitation management in the urban area. The government needs to build an integrated system with universal access for safe and hygienic water and sanitation in the urban area. If it can be realized, the public health status can be increased.