KnE Life Sciences | The Fifth International Luria Memorial Congress «Lurian Approach in International Psychological Science» | pages: 562–566

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1. Introduction

The first version, Test Barcelona (TB) was published in 1990. It is an instrument of neuropsychological research, developed by Prof. Jordi Peña Casanova under the influence of Luria's ideas. With this test, it is possible to explore the basic cognitive functions and to create graphical profiles similar to the Boston test for the diagnosis of aphasia. The new, modular version of test of test Barcelona-2 is ready in both traditional (paper-based) and computerised versions (included in workstation) are ready and their manual on Spanish is will be available in spring of 2018. The test itself is translated into several languages, including Catalonian, English, French and Russian.

2. Methodology

This paper provides a brief description of the new version and computerized workstation of the neuropsychological test Barcelona-2. It includes analysis of the test structure of a new design version [manual, protocols, patient' sheets] and its computerization version. Standardization was performed on a sample consisted of 331 participants (128 men and 203 women, with a mean age of 58 years, and an average schooling of 11.4 years).

3. Results

Structure of test Barcelona-2

Main versions of the test Barcelona-2

There are two main versions of the test Barcelona-2: 1) a traditional one (paper and pencil) and 2) digitalised or computerised one. The latter is incorporated within a workstation test Barcelona together with other tests as Neuronorma [2], for example, and can be used on personal computer or tablet (see “Fig. 1”).

Figure 1

The computerised workstation Barcelona-2.

fig-1.jpg

As a novelty, test allows the selection for specific profiles: alpha, beta, abbreviated, aphasia, and ecological-forensic approach.

Modules of the test Barcelona-2

Six modules were established in the test of Barcelona: (1) Language-attention- orientation; (2) Reading and writing; (3) Motor-praxis; (4) Perception-gnosis; (5) Memory; (6) Abstraction-execution.

Types of variables used

Two types of variables have been differentiated: (1) dichotomous variables (of Luria type), and (2) Gaussian variables (continuous or with distribution). The scores have been scaled: from N – Normal to L/C – “a questionable limit” or border value between normal and non-normal one. The severity of non-normal performance is ranged from Easy levels (L1 and L2), Medium (M1 and M2) and Strong (G1 and G2) (“Fig.2”).

Figure 2

The modules of the test Barcelona-2 (here on the example – module 1).

fig-2.jpg

Examples of use in practice

The novelty of the test Barcelona-2 is in its capability to realise different tests o modules separately which is more efficient in the practical work. Here you can see the example (“Fig.3”) of the pacient's profile with a two-way anomia. His comprehension (below scores in the profile) was severely damaged.

Figure 3

The individual patient's profile, module Aphasia of the workstation Barcelona-2.

fig-3.jpg

4. Conclusions

The new test presents a modular structure, which allows determining intra- and inter-module dissociations. Computerization greatly facilitates the work of the clinician. In the case of aphasia the test allows to differentiate easily all its clinical forms.

References

1 

J. Peña-Casanova. “Programa integrado de exploración neuropsicológica-test Barcelona: bases teóricas, objetivos y contenidos”. Revista de Logopedia, Foniatría y Audiología, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 66-79, 1991.

2 

J. Peña-Casanova, J., Blesa, R., Aguilar, M., Gramunt-Fombuena, N., Gómez-Ansón, B., Oliva, R.,... & Martínez-Parra, C. “Spanish multicenter normative studies (NEURONORMA project): Methods and sample characteristics”. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 307-319, 2009.

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ISSN: 2413-0877