Factors Related to Stunting in Toddlers in Central Cigugur

Abstract

Stunting is a problem associated with chronic malnutrition which can occur in the first 1000 days of life. The causes of stunting can include a history of low birth weight (LBW), non-exclusive breastfeeding, or infectious diseases. Few studies have examined the factors associated with stunting in Indonesia. This study therefore aimed to investigate the relationship between stunting and the history of infection, LBW, and exclusive breastfeeding in Central Cigugur Health Center in Indonesia. This was an observational comparative cross-sectional study. 44 cases and 44 controls were selected using random sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire and microtoise, and univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted using the Chi-square test. The results showed that 69 children under five (78.4%) did not have a history of LBW, 56 children (63.6%) had a history of non-exclusive breastfeeding, and 64 children under five (72.7%) had a history of frequent infections. There was a relationship between the incidence of stunting and a history of LBW, exclusive breastfeeding and infectious disease (OR = 7.810, p = 0.002; OR = 5.400, p = 0.001; and OR = 5.928, p = 0.002; respectively). Having a history of LBW was associated with the highest risk of stunting in toddlers. These findings can be used to support stunting eradication strategic planning.


Keywords: LBW, infection, exclusive breastfeeding, stunting

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